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what is nearsighted
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What is Nearsighted?

What does nearsighted mean?

Nearsighted is defined as being unable to see things unless they are extremely close to you. If you are nearsighted, objects in the distance will appear fuzzy and unfocused, while objects closer to you will have more clarity.

Normally when light enters your eye, the cornea, pupil and lens (the front parts of your eye) focus that light into a tiny point that hits the retina in the back of your eye, as this diagram of a nearsighted eye shows.

However, for people who are nearsighted, the eye has grown too long from front to back. That means the image is focused into a tiny point before it hits the retina, resulting in blurry vision.

Advanced forms of myopia include high myopia and degenerative myopia.

If your lens correction has a diopter of -6.0 or lower, you are considered to have high myopia. This means you face an increased risk of retinal detachment, cataract and glaucoma, all of which can lead to loss of vision.

Degenerative myopia (also known as malignant myopia or pathological myopia) is a genetic condition that can affect people with high myopia. When this type of nearsightedness occurs, the elongation can change the retina, sclera, vitreous and optic nerve. It can also lead to glaucoma and retain detachment, as well as a build up of fluid in the center of the retina and abnormal blood vessel growth.

Nearsighted Symptoms

Some common symptoms of nearsightedness include:

  • Inability to see distant objects or details, but ability to see closer items (like text on your smartphone or a book)
  • Constant squinting for improved vision
  • Eyestrain or headaches
  • Difficulty seeing road signs while driving, especially at night
    • Feeling fatigued or tired after driving could also be a sign of nearsightedness
  • Needing to sit closer to movie screen, TV or chalkboard at school
  • Excessive blinking or eye-rubbing

Nearsightedness is also often connected to impairments like astigmatism.

If you experience any of these, contact your eye doctor immediately to have your eyes checked.

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Nearsighted vs Farsighted

The difference between nearsighted and farsighted involves the shape of your eye. If your eye has become too elongated, you are nearsighted/have myopia: far away objects are blurry, but close-up objects are clear.

If you are farsighted, that means you have hyperopia. The eyeball is too short, and the focal point is beyond your retina. As a result, you can see far away objects but close-up objects are fuzzy or unclear.

Whether you are nearsighted or farsighted, you can treat these vision problems with glasses, contacts, or eye surgery.

How to Test if You are Nearsighted

While you should consult a licensed optometrist to receive an official diagnosis, Essilor has an online vision test that you can take to see if you might have any visual impairments

Click here to take the online eyesight test.

Keep in mind that this nearsighted test has no diagnostic value, and that only an eye care professional can detect and diagnose a vision problem.

Treatments for Nearsightedness

If you are nearsighted (a.k.a. have myopia or myopic vision), the most common ways to treat it involve glasses or contact lenses.

By adapting the curvature of the light that enters your eye, these corrections ensure that the light is focused as close to your retina as possible.

An eye doctor can examine your eye using a phoropter to ensure that you have the right prescription for your vision correction.

You can also seek laser treatment, such as laser-assisted in situ keratomileusis (LASIK) or photoreflective keratectomy (PRK) to physically reshape the eye to more properly focus incoming light. Speak with a doctor to find out if you are a good candidate for either PRK or LASIK eye surgery, and make sure you are aware of the risks and side effects

What are the Best Nearsighted Glasses?

This all depends on your personal taste. You can find nearsighted glasses in any style, from cat-eye frames or retro/vintage frames to round, oval, square and rectangular.

You can use this guide to find out which frames are best for your face shape.

Most frames at FramesDirect.com can accomodate for a nearsighted prescription, including prescription sunglasses! Check out some of our favorites below.

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Zeal Optics Crowley Prescription Sunglasses
$149
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Zeal Optics Windsor Prescription Sunglasses
$149
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Marc Jacobs Marc 224/S Prescription Sunglasses
$140From $84
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Ray-Ban RB3816 Prescription Sunglasses
From $163
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Polo PH3113 Prescription Sunglasses
$155$93
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Polo PH3114 Prescription Sunglasses
$165$99
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Also see: Reading Glasses | How to Measure Pupillary Distance or PD | What Are Progressive Lenses? | Understanding Your Prescription | Need to Order Lenses Only?
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